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This introduces an interesting but obscure chapter in history, straddling Spain and France and consequently tending to be left by treatments of Spain to French history, and by treatments of France to Spanish history. Not all of it was ultimately retained by Spain, but readily accessible sources don’t seem to show either the difference between the old and new boundaries or what happened to the rulers of Navarre after the annexation — the table at right picks up at that point. This seems like a grave oversight for the history of France. The history of Navarre is obscure enough that I found the full genealogy only with recourse to a succession of more serious and complete sources. Family trees for the Bourbons, such as given here , almost never go back further than the father, Henry, of Henry IV’s mother Jeanne. Brian Tompsett’s Royal and Noble genealogy originally enabled me to fill in the gaps, but there are some obscurities and questions in the information of both Tompsett and Hay that I had to compare with other sources. Feldkamp [Philipp Reclam, Stuttgart, , pp. Fischer Verlag, , p. A less esoteric source with a complete list of kings is in the Oxford Dynasties of the World [John E.

Basque Country

History of the Basque people It is thought that Basques are a remnant of the early inhabitants of Western Europe, specifically those of the Franco-Cantabrian region. Basque tribes were already mentioned in Roman times by Strabo and Pliny , including the Vascones , the Aquitani and others. There is enough evidence that they already spoke Basque in that time see:

Basque online dating site is looking for people to collaborate on their blog By A Basque in Boise December 16, Basque Community, Blogs, Dating, Diaspora No Comments It must have been when I first heard of

Is there any truth in this assertion? Is blood group an inherited characteristic? Peter Hanson, London N21 Blood groups are inherited. Adrian Smith, Headingley Your blood group is certainly inherited. This is why, until the recent advent of DNA fingerprinting, blood group was one of the major factors in helping to establish disputed parenthood.

It is therefore possible that in an ethnically pure community, any inherent anomalous blood group distribution would be perpetuated. Quite why they would have started with the anomaly is another matter. The same idea can be dated back to at least , although this time on linguistic grounds.

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Vitoria Vitoria-Gasteiz, founded towards the end of the 12th century, is today a city of exceptional urban design. From here, the city harmonically unfolds into the Romantic new suburbs, a network of wide avenues, gardens, and buildings that are a reminder of the grandeur and stateliness of Vitoria. In addition, Vitoria enjoys an intense cultural life, as evidenced year after year by its most renowned event: Its traditional, delicious recipes —based on fresh orchard products and always accompanied by a unique Basque wine— will not disappoint.

Soon, a flourishing vocation for crafts began to emerge in the village.

May 30,  · Watch video · Insider Guide to Bilbao, Spain. dating back to , provides a fascinating contrast to modern Bilbao. The Basque country can pride itself for having some of the best restaurants in the.

Basque language and Spanish language"Iberian peninsula in". The first written record in Spanish and Basque are in the Glosas Emilianenses. The map shows the Kingdom of Pamplona between and Spanish and Basque are co-official in all territories of the autonomous community. The Basque-speaking areas in the modern-day autonomous community are set against the wider context of the Basque language, spoken to the east in Navarre and the French Basque Country.

The whole Basque speaking territory has experienced both decline and expansion in its history. After the advent of the Statute of Autonomy of the Basque Country in following Franco’s death, this reductive trend was gradually reversed thanks to the Basque language schools and the new education system. The sociolinguistic survey [4] of all Basque provinces showed that in of all people aged 16 and above in the Basque Autonomous Community, The percentage of Basque speakers was highest in Gipuzkoa These results represent an increase on previous years The highest percentage of speakers was now be found in the age range Ten years later, the sociolinguistic survey showed that in of all people aged 16 and above in the Basque Autonomous Community,

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Studied igneous sill caused strong thermal impact on host organic-rich mudstones. Abstract Recent studies have documented the expulsion of methane and oil to the Albian paleoseabed in the Basque-Cantabrian Basin. They interpret that hydrocarbon generation and expulsion were triggered by seismically recorded magmatic intrusions which metamorphosed organic-rich host sediments.

An outcrop within the basin was selected to investigate organic matter evolution and sediment degassing due to an igneous body. Geochemical profiles of TOC, S1, S2, HI and PC show a gradual decrease toward the sill indicating organic carbon loss and increase in the thermal maturity of the organic matter in the same direction.

Basque: Basque, member of a people who live in both Spain and France in areas bordering the Bay of Biscay and encompassing the western foothills of the Pyrenees Mountains. In the late 20th century probably about , true Basques lived in Spain and , in France; as many as , Basques may live.

In Spain we are known for our diversity and our joy for life, however, it is not a well known factor that we like to enjoy life in many different ways. This is reflective of customs like the running of the bulls one week of the year in the northern central town of Pamplona , and bull fighting mostly celebrated in Southern Spain.

This also has a lot to do with the way we express ourselves; thus we have several languages, all of them official, which demonstrate our diversity and our rich heritage; in case that you were not aware of this, Spanish’s real name is Castillian, and therefore, when referring to the other languages you will read about Castillian. We have developed this page to introduce them to you: See a map of the Spanish regions Euskera El Euskera, or the Basque language, is spoken in the northern central area of Spain where the Pyrennes meet the Cantabrian Sea and it is nowadays written with Latin alphabet.

The origin of the Basque is not really traceable and there have been a number of hypotheses.

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The Basque Language Euskara is a pre-Indo European language and has thus existed for several thousands of years. Over the centuries, the territory of the Basque-speaking community has gradually changed. The Basque language is a linguistic and historical enigma. Its roots are unknown because it is not related to any other language spoken today. No theories have been confirmed linking it with other nearby languages. The first written words with Basque references were found in Basque-Aquitain and Pyrenean funeral stelae or headstones dating from the 1st century of Roman times.

Basque Country (San Sebastian and Bilbao) by hiddeninspain / Friday, 17 January / Published in Pack This route will take you through the Basque Country its main cities, San Sebastian and Bilbao, visiting some of the nicest coastal villages and some of the most beautiful inland villages in .

Although the word Vascones is clearly related to the modern word “Basque”, we do not know for sure if the Vascones were indeed the ancestors of the modern Basques, or whether they spoke an old form of the Basque language. Surviving place names and a few personal names tend to suggest they spoke old Basque, but we cannot be sure. On the territory of the present Basque Country lived three different peoples: Nobody knows if these three peoples were related to the Vascones, or if they spoke a language related to old Basque, as they have left no written records.

Some researchers, based on the meager historical evidence we possess, think that they were Celtiberian peoples, speaking languages not related to old Basque, but we cannot be sure. In fact, the place where a Basque-related language is the best attested is Gascony , in the southwest of France, where the local Aquitanians spoke a language which is proven beyond doubt to be akin to Basque.

Later in the period of the Roman Empire , the Vascones seem to have moved west into what is the present Basque Country while some also clearly stayed in Navarre , either absorbing or displacing the Vardulli, Caristi, and Autrigones, and from this emerged the Basque nation. The pre-history of the Basques before that time is necessarily conjectural.

Among the theories in contention are:

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See Article History Alternative Titles: Euskara language, Euskera language Basque language, also called Euskara or Euskera, language isolate, the only remnant of the languages spoken in southwestern Europe before the region was Romanized in the 2nd through 1st century bce. The Basque language is predominantly used in an area comprising approximately 3, square miles 10, square kilometres in Spain and France. There are also significant numbers of Basque speakers elsewhere in Europe and in the Americas.

Although few statistics are available, the number of speakers, who are largely bilingual , was estimated in the early 21st century to be approaching one million.

Bilbao History Facts and Timeline (Bilbao, Biscay, Basque Country, Spain) Located on the banks of the Nervión River, Bilbao is the capital of the Biscay province of the Basque country and has a recorded history dating back to the very beginning of the 14th century.

March 20, Author: It will tell us how and why Catalan and Basque nationalisms are ideologically different, look at why different political approaches were taken in the different regions and the state of nationalism in each region today. It will begin by outlining some theories on the concept of nationalism and relating it to the cases of Catalonia and the Basque Country.

The argument that Catalan nationalism is civic while Basque nationalism is ethnic will be highlighted and examined throughout the work. The essay will then look at the history of the two nations and the development of nationalism within them. It will then go on to compare the political approaches of the two nationalisms and factors that have influenced them such as Spanish democratisation, regional autonomy and immigration. It will consider why ETA in the Basque Country turned to political violence while nationalism in Catalonia has been largely peaceful and democratic.

Finally the essay will assess the current strength of both nationalist movements by looking at factors such as the level of support for nationalism in each region and the political achievements of both nationalist movements.

Basque Country (autonomous community)

The name Elizabeth is a baby girl name. The name Elizabeth is a Greek baby name. In Greek the meaning of the name Elizabeth is: From the Hebrew Elisheba, meaning either oath of God, or God is satisfaction.

Fun With Dating Sites. Although I’ve been inactive on the dating site front for several weeks now, earlier today I received this unsolicited little gem: Hi hun. Just browsing the site and came across your profile. I would love to chat and see how far we can take this. I could really use a good time out.

In addition to one of the highest concentrations of Master Sommeliers outside of San Francisco, Vegas celebrates wine on its own exuberant terms: And while insiders buzz about downtown Las Vegas for its up-and-coming eateries, visits are still firmly centered on the neon-lit Strip, a veritable gold mine for wine lovers. To catch a show while dining, reserve the kitchen table at Delmonico Steakhouse and watch the back-of-the-house action through glass windows.

Off-menu dishes are available, paired with wines from a 2, label list overseen by Master Sommelier Kevin Vogt. The 9, square-foot Marcus Aurelius boasts a hour butler who can access a private wine cellar stocked with Champagnes. When to Go Though Las Vegas bustles year-round, late fall means cooler weather and slightly smaller crowds than expected during the holidays.

Georgia The Basque country The 2 Iberias